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Top definitions related content examples explore dictionary british [ hahy -wey. ˈhaɪˌweɪ / noun a main road, especially one between towns or cities: the highway between Los Angeles and Seattle. any public road or waterway. any main or ordinary route, track, or course. Words related to highway roadway, boulevard, thoroughfare, track, freeway, street, superhighway, path, turnpike, artery, avenue, interstate, pike, drag, skyway, parkway, four-lane Words nearby highway hightail, hightail it, highty-tighty, highveld, highwall, highway, highway code, highway contract route, highway patrol, highway robbery, highwayman Origin of highway before 900; Middle English heyewei, Old English heiweg. See high, way 1 Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Random House, Inc. 2020 Examples from the Web for highway It was a brick wall that we turned into the on-ramp of a highway. Cruce operates the Iron Hill Campground on the other side of the highway. Hundreds of cops saluting as the bodies were rolled out with a full escort by highway patrol. Highway safety flares provided light as the clans joined by loss sought solace in prayer and song. In 2002, he was arrested for reckless driving after swerving his SUV off the highway. I would not allow that paper, blown by the wind, to scare me from the highway of the argument! Oh, better the highway with its friendly blossoms than this couch of down and this stifled atmosphere which I am breathing! A short distance east of the mill-pond Otter Creek crosses the highway and sinks in the sand, becoming a lost stream. The cottage itself was on the main shore road leading from the village to Keyport Light, and a little removed from the highway. The shadows were already lengthening, and a cool breeze stirred the deep aisles of the pines on either side of the highway. British Dictionary definitions for highway highway noun a public road that all may use mainly US and Canadian law a main road, esp one that connects towns or cities a main route for any form of transport a direct path or course Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012.

“ Worlds end “mixed with “ without a paddle” while on sports trip. good luck, Ill see you at redbox. She's missing watching. It's so cool how many of these panel interviews you've gotten to see. :D. I hope Maddie is going to be okay when she goes to Australia and I'm crying. Next Vid: The cops seized and crushed my illegal R34. She's Missing watch online. Oh my, the cliché. 4th one : the royal second baby. Highway Theatrical release poster Directed by Imtiaz Ali Produced by Sajid Nadiadwala Imtiaz Ali Written by Imtiaz Ali Starring Randeep Hooda Alia Bhatt Music by A. R. Rahman Cinematography Anil Mehta Edited by Aarti Bajaj Production company Window Seat Films Nadiadwala Grandson Entertainment Distributed by UTV Motion Pictures [1] Release date 13 February 2014 ( Berlin) 20 February 2014 ( UAE) 21 February 2014 (Worldwide) Running time 133 minutes [2] Country India Language Hindi Budget 90 million [3] Box office 477 million [3] Highway is a 2014 Indian road drama film written and directed by Imtiaz Ali and produced by Sajid Nadiadwala. The film stars Alia Bhatt and Randeep Hooda. Screened in the Panorama section of the 2014 Berlin International Film Festival, 4] the film released worldwide on 21 February 2014. [5] 6] 7] 8] The film is based on the episode of the same name from the Zee TV anthology series Rishtey, starring Aditya Srivastava and Kartika Rane, which was also written and directed by Imtiaz Ali. [9] It tells the story of a girl ( Alia Bhatt) who, for reasons later revealed, discovers freedom after being kidnapped. Upon release the film met with positive reviews, with Alia Bhatt and Randeep Hooda's performances praised by both audiences and critics alike. Plot [ edit] Veera Tripathi ( Alia Bhatt) is the daughter of a rich Delhi -based business tycoon. One day before her wedding, she goes on a drive with Vinay - her fiancé whom she does not love - and is abducted from a petrol station off a highway, while Vinay sits in the car convulsed with fear. The gang who takes her panic when they find out that her father has links in the government. However, Mahabir Bhati ( Randeep Hooda) one of the abductors, is willing to do whatever it takes to see this through. The men continuously move Veera through different cities, to avoid being tracked by police. As the days go by, Veera finds peace and a new-found freedom, which confuses and frustrates Mahabir. Veera becomes comfortable with her captors, to the point that she confides in Mahabir the horrors of her childhood, when she was sexually abused by her own uncle as a nine-year-old. She views the abduction as a blessing in disguise, since she finally has the chance to experience life and find herself. Eventually, when the police forcefully search the truck, Veera, surprising even herself, hides. She concludes that she loves the journey and doesn't want to go back to her family and old life. Slowly, she unravels Mahabir's story in bits and pieces. His father abused both, him when he was a young child, and his mother who was used as a sex slave by the rich landlords. Mahabir escaped and has never returned. Mahabir slowly lets down his guard and begins to care for Veera, and his anger fades away slowly. He tries to leave her at a police station in one of the small mountainous towns they stop in. However, Veera refuses and insists on staying with Mahabir. Together, they travel and he starts to fall in love with her. They stay in a hilltop house and Veera reveals that one of her many crazy dreams was always to have a small home in the mountains. Mahabir becomes emotional seeing the way Veera cares for him, reminding him of his mother. Both sleep peacefully that night, free from their respective haunting pasts. But the very next morning, police arrive and, during the chaos, shoot Mahabir, to which Veera reacts emotionally and strongly. She later is brought back to her parents' house, where she recovers from the emotionally draining experience while surrounded by her family members, including her fiancé. Finally she feels physically better and confronts her uncle who harassed her as a child, in front of her family. She yells and breaks down as she asks her father why he warned her only about dangers posed by outsiders, while the real threat was from insiders, the people who had surrounded her since childhood. She leaves the house and goes to live in the mountains where she starts her own factory, buys a house and lives there. The film ends with Veera looking at the mountains, then the sky. Closing her eyes, she sees her nine-year-old self playing happily on the hillside. A boy (presumably Mahabir) joins her. She watches them play, making peace with both the man she loved and their mutual childhood forms. Cast [ edit] Randeep Hooda as Mahabir Bhati Gujjar Alia Bhatt as Veera Tripathi Arjun Malhotra as Vinay Saharsh Kumar Shukla as Goru Pradeep Nagar as Tonk Durgesh Kumar as Aadoo Hemant Mahaur as Kasana Reuben Israel as M. K. Tripathi Naina Trivedi as Amma Mohd. Kaif as young Mahabir Samar Mudasir Bakshi as young Veera Production [ edit] Development [ edit] In an interview with The Telegraph, director Imtiaz Ali stated. Highway has been a story that has stayed with me for 15 years. There was something in it that didn't die. Usually you lose interest in a story beyond a certain point. But with Highway, there was something very subtle, yet something very influential. On the story he added, Some years ago, I made a half-hour episode for a TV series (1999 for Zee TV 's Rishtey starring Aditya Srivastava and Kartika Rane) and that's where I first got a hint for this story. And over time, it changed form and genres until I just gave up. And then it all settled down to this journey of two characters. As for the central female lead, I thought I would cast someone with some experience of life, someone who had probably been through some relationships. [10] While penning the script he stated he had to change many scenes of the film because he felt they were becoming too similar to his previous film, Jab We Met. He said that the film was his first digital film. [11] In the April 2013 interview with the same, he said the film is primarily the story of two characters from very different backgrounds— played by Randeep Hooda and Alia Bhatt —who take the road trip across six states in a truck. [12] Further, Ali told that he had thought of making Highway in various ways. At an instant he thought of making it a very big action film later he thought of scripting it in a very romantic way; some 12 years back, he drew romantic instances from Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak. He added, The film is about the discovery of yourself while traveling. Its a coming-of-age movie. Prior to shooting he didn't complete scripting for the film and the script got ready after the shooting of the scenes because the dialogues were decided on the spot. [13] Over the improvisations in script, he stated, For instance, when we were on the top of snow mountains in Himachal Pradesh, I wanted to be open to what nature suggested and the impulses the actors gave me, rather than stick to what I had written, sitting in a room in Mumbai. The film was made on the way, on the go. I had to have very suitable, good actors and a low maintenance crew. 14] For Highway, Randeep Hooda prepared for his role with such sincerity that in order to keep the initial distance with Alia Bhatts character, he didnt speak to her for about 25 days. [15] Casting [ edit] Ali said that earlier he was looking out for an older actress to match up with Hooda. However, the role went to Alia Bhatt that made effect on his film script. [11] Later he added, I needed somebody who is city slick girl (Alia Bhatt) who has never been out. But the guy (Randeep Hooda) had to be somebody who has had a life and understanding of life. 16] About Hooda's character, Ali stated, Mahabir is also pure enough not to be a prototypical villain. Only later in the film, certain things are revealed about him, why hes an oppressor. 14] Besides the main casting Imtiaz Ali and Mukesh Chhabra cast Pradeep Nagar as one of the main henchman of Randeep. Crew [ edit] As per previous collaboration of Ali with the composer A. Rahman, the latter's inclusion in the project though initially rumored [17] was confirmed by March 2013. In an interview with The Telegraph Ali stated that he wasnt even thinking of A. Rahman to score for this film. However, after reading the script Rahman agreed to score. [11] In yet another interview Ali stated, he and Rahman were in touch through Skype and Rahman enquired about Ali's new project and wanted to collaborate after Ali deciphered the outline of the story. [14] The film is produced by Sajid Nadiadwala under his new production house Window Seat Films and Imtiaz Ali is the co-producer. The cinematography was done by Anil Mehta. Resul Pookutty was roped in for the film's sound design. Lyricist Irshad Kamil has penned the songs. [18] 19] Filming [ edit] Principal photography began in early March 2013 on highways of India. Imtiaz Ali quoted. Highway is emotionally charged, physically strenuous. The first look as a snap at the filming location featuring the director and the lead actors was released in March 2013. [20] Initially, the director planned to shoot along Bengal-Bihar-Odisha highway road belt but later opted to shoot along the road highways of Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh [21] and Kashmir, making the film first of its kind to shoot such. Scenes were shot in Kuchaman valley where the sand dunes provided the terrain transitions that were necessarily required. [12] In mid-April 2013, the crew was off to Gurais, Kashmir to shoot a song and some sequences in the valley. [22] Scenes in Aru valley and Chandanwari near Pahalgam in South Kashmir were also canned. [23] 24] By early May 2013, nearly seventy percent of the filming was completed. [25] Although the entire shooting was planned for 60 days, the team finished in 52 days. On filming scenes, in an interview with The Hollywood Reporter, Ali stated, I also didn't go for a large camera setup such as cranes and dollies. I wanted the cameras to be easily transported as we were shooting in difficult locations such as mountains. So if I thought the shot would look better from a higher angle, we could move the equipment faster than if we had a heavy setup. 10] Officially, the shooting was wrapped up on 28 May 2013. [26] Music [ edit] The film soundtrack album is composed by A. Rahman. The album has nine original songs with lyrics of eight tracks penned by Irshad Kamil and remaining one by Lady Kash and Krissy. Initially, the film was planned with only background score and no songs. [27] The track "Maahi Ve" sung by A. Rahman and "Patakha Guddi (female) sung by Nooran sisters (Jyoti & Sultana Nooran) both these singles framed the score of the theatrical trailer [ citation needed] These tracks clenched second position on iTunes India single charts on their respective release dates as singles. The complete soundtrack album had a digital release on 24 January 2014. It debuted on number one position on iTunes India and "Maahi Ve" was the chart topping single. [28] Promotion [ edit] Alia Bhatt and Randeep Hooda at the first look launch of Highway Marketing began from November 2013 wherein series of behind the scenes footages as episodes titled under the head "Highway Diaries" were released on Bollywood Hungama 's production blog. The film's merchandise, consisting head gear, jackets, map scarfs, bags and shirts, all with fabric prints of title logo, were made available for online purchase. [29] On 30 January 2014, Alia Bhatt promoted the film on the sets of Dance India Dance. [30] On 13 February 2014, Hooda, Bhatt, Ali, A. Rahman and the director of Disney UTV made an appearance at Cineworld in Feltham to promote the film as well for its first International premiere at the 64th Berlin International Film Festival. [31] Ali and Alia Bhatt promoted the film at an event in Taj West End, Bengaluru. [32] The leading duo and Imtiaz Ali appeared on the show Comedy Nights with Kapil to promote the film. [33] Actor Ranbir Kapoor had seen an early cut of the film. He arrived at the Film City studios where he, Imtiaz Ali and Alia Bhatt moved around in the truck and had a talk about the film. This activity of promotion was filmed for the news channel Times Now. [34] Release [ edit] Initially set to release on 12 December 2013, the film's release date was moved to 21 February 2014. [35] The trailer of the film was released on 16 December 2013. [36] On 20 February 2014, a day prior to the film's release, the film had a special screening that was attended by Pooja Bhatt, Mahesh Bhatt, Imtiaz Ali, Shazahn Padamsee, Mukesh Bhatt, Bhushan Kumar, and Rekha at the PVR Cinemas in Mumbai. Apart from the guest invitees, critics were specially invited for the film's screening. citation needed] Critical reception [ edit] Metacritic gives the film a score of 40 out of 100, based on 5 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews. 37] India [ edit] Critic Srijana Mitra Das for The Times of India gave the film 3. 5 stars out of 5 and stated. Highway is not an easy ride. But it offers fresh breezes and new sights. 38] For Mumbai Mirror, Rahul Desai wrote. Highway makes for the kind of cinema we need, perhaps not something we entirely deserve. Even if you aren't moved by its unhurried simplicity, or do not agree with this review, I challenge you to resist an overwhelming urge to rush out after dark hoping to get kidnapped (or simpler, just take off) to the foothills of the Himalayas. In that itself, is the battle won by a film that strives for little more. 39] He gave the film 4 out of 5. Critic Sonia Chopra for Sify gave 4 on 5 and said, Maybe theres no need to intellectualize this beautiful bond and just savour it as it is. Just like the film. Do Not Miss. 40] Assigning no rating yet positive critical review, at One India, Venkatesh Prasad stated. Highway will be a special experience for you, especially if you like road movies. Film has some valid points about life in general. Watch it and you won't regret your decision. 41] Saibal Chatterjee for NDTV gave the film 3 out of 5 and wrote. Highway is a must watch as much for what it is as for what it isnt. It is not a typical romantic drama, nor an average love story. It is a road movie with a difference. [42] Parmita Uniyal for Hindustan Times writes, If you are stuck on the crossroads of life, take the Highway. The critic described the performance as. Alia Bhatt is still a 'student' in Bollywood, but can give a lesson or two to many. A natural performer, she nails it in a couple of scenes" whereas for Randeep Hooda she wrote. He delivers a nuanced yet controlled performance. He perfects the Haryanvi accent to lend authenticity to his character. He's able to get into the skin of his character Mahabir Bhati. His character opens up and frees himself from the self-imposed shackles towards the end. 43] For Rediff, Aseem Chhabra after viewing the film in Berlin quoted, It is rare that a Hindi language film delivers so much promise in the first half. And so it is extremely disappointing when the director and his script lead us on a journey that eventually fizzles out, collapses and dies in front of our eyes. He gave the film 2 stars out of 5. [44] According to Movie critic RJ Akki for FireMud FM. Alia Bhatt breaks her image from Student of the Year and mesmerises through her role in the movie. Randeep Hooda is expressionless till the interval, but still his acting is commendable. Imtiaz Ali has proved himself all-rounder. To conclude, RJ Akki gave the film 3 stars out of 5. [45] Manohar Basu at Koimoi stated. Highway whips up all the ingredients required for an intriguing film but goes wrong as a whole. It is bold subject handled flimsily and doesn't come close to believable. There is excessive heavy handedness in the screenplay and somehow the effortless ease that signifies the beauty of Imtiazs films is absolutely missing from it. There is far too much of incoherence in the screenplay to bear and though it tried its hand at adding varied hues to multiple layers of the story, one cannot disagree to the fact that it is only Rahmans divine music and the pristine cinematography that works here. The film is heart-breakingly mediocre. It is a lenient 2. 5/5 for Highway. 46] Shubhra Gupta for The Indian Express gave the film 2 out of 5 stars, stated that " Highway is pretty but stagey, Alia Bhatt falters in many places. 47] Deepanjali Pal for Firstpost writes, A journey with Alia Bhatt and many road bumps. 48] According to critic Gayatri Sankar for Zee News. Highway emerges as a clear winner. It is not meant for movie goers who enter the theatre hoping to see some bizarre fight sequences, masaledar drama, naach-gaana or intense love-making scenes. Nonetheless, if you are looking forward to seeing a really hatke love story then Highway is your destination. She gave the film 3. 5 stars out of 5. [49] Overseas [ edit] Priya Joshi of Digital Spy gave it 4 (out of 5) stars: It's exemplary filmmaking, and the hope is that audiences will take a detour from the confines of commercial Bollywood and embrace this wholly edifying experience. Highway' will move you in ways you would have never expected. 50] Sneha May Francis for Emirates 24/7 wrote, Barring a sluggish narrative and a few continuity slip-ups, Imitiazs movie promises remarkable performances. Highway is a road less traveled, and one that we think you must embark on. Its a bumpy ride, no doubt, but one thats set in the right direction. 51] Deborah Young for The Hollywood Reporter stated that "Soul-lifting visuals and a score by A. Rahman help, but cant save, a pat drama. 52] Viji Alles for UKAsian wrote, a road-trip movie that not only gives a triumphant two-fingered salute to many films of the genre but to Bollywood convention as well. 53] Rachel Saltz for The New York Times putforth, Mr. Alis story, though, wanders too long and too far, sometimes coming off like a forced mash-up of “It Happened One Night” and “Patty Hearst. ” No wonder the film cant sustain a tone, wavering between realism and Bollywood hokum. 54] Assigning the film 3. 5 out of 5 stars, critic Manjusha Radhakrishnan for Gulf News stated, Its gritty in parts and unrealistic in some (which hostage would break out into a hip-hop dance on wasteland. But watch this one for Bhatt and Hooda. They are at their vulnerable, rugged best. Plus, if you are in the mood to see India in its raw, unpolished state, Highway can be an exhilarating ride. 55] Critic Zachary Wigon for The Village Voice commented, Imtiaz Ali's Highway is nothing if not erratic in its narrative delivery — though its fascinating thematic concern remains fixed throughout. He summarized the film - Indian 1 Percenter Kidnapped! Then She Falls in Love! It's Bollywood. 56] Ronnie Scheib for Variety said, Life is literally a highway for kidnapper and victim in this engaging and atypical improvised Bollywood road movie. 57] At critic Roger Joseph Ebert 's website where the film receives 2. 5 stars (out of 4) critic-cum-journalist Danny Bowes wrote. Highway might be a very good movie indeed. Instead, it's an inconsistent, if intermittently splendorous, work. There are, to be perfectly clear, far worse things in life. 58] Box office [ edit] India The film was released on over 700 screens across India; mostly in multiplexes. It started slowly with occupancy of 20–25% at the theatres but later gained momentum during evening in multiplexes in metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Gurgaon, and Bangalore collecting 32. 5 million (US460, 000)– 35 million (US490, 000. 59] 60] Second day collections were around 40 million (US560, 000)– 42. 5 million (US600, 000) with growth in circuit's like Delhi NCR, East Punjab, Rajasthan and CI. [61] On the fourth day post its release, the film grossed around 25 million (US350, 000) nett taking the overall four-day total to 155 million (US2. 2 million. 62] The complete one week collections after the release accounted for 217. 5 million (US3. 0 million. 63] On the eighth day, the film dropped its collections, grossing around 0. 75 million (US11, 000) nett. The total business in eight days was around 225 million (US3. 2 million) nett. [64] The film dropped in its second week as it collected 50 million (US700, 000. 52. 5 million (US740, 000) nett in its second weekend taking its two-week gross to around 226 million (US3. [65] Overseas The film collected Rs 1. 78 crores nett (286, 495) from 81 screens in the USA, Rs 24. 22 lakhs (39, 027) from 12 screens in Canada, Rs 1. 49 crores (AED 881, 500) in the UAE and Rs 1. 10 crore (106, 581) from 49 screens in the UK Box Office in the first weekend. the performance of Highway is not up to the mark in other foreign countries like Australia and New Zealand. The film has raked in Rs 22. 51 lakhs (A40, 391) from 13 screens in Australia and Rs 5. 15 lakhs (NZ10, 020) from 6 screens in the New Zealand Box office in the first weekend. which released in around 250 screens in the international markets, has approximately collected Rs 5. 58 crores (900, 000) at the Overseas Box Office in the first weekend. [66] Accolades [ edit] Note – The lists are ordered by the date of announcement, not necessarily by the date of ceremony/telecast. Positive awards and nominations Distributor Date announced Category Recipient Result Reference Stardust Awards 15 December 2014 Best Actor (Searchlight Awards) Randeep Hooda Won [67] 68] Best Director (Searchlight Awards) Imtiaz Ali New Talent Awards Superstar of Tomorrow (Female) Alia Bhatt Best Actress (Searchlight Awards) Nominated Best Playback Singer (Female) Jyoti & Sultana Nooran (for the song "Patakha Guddi" Best Music Director A. Rahman Best Actor in a Drama Best Actress in a Drama BIG Star Entertainment Awards 19 December 2014 Most Entertaining Film Imtiaz Ali, Sajid Nadiadwala [68] Most Entertaining Social - Drama Film Most Entertaining Romantic Film Most Entertaining Actor in a Social - Drama Film - Male Most Entertaining Actor in a Social - Drama Film - Female Most Entertaining Song A. Rahman (for the song Maahi Ve) Star Guild Awards 12 January 2015 The Guild Presidents Awards N/A [69] 70] Best Director Best Actress in a Leading Role Best Actor in a Leading Role Best Female Singer Sultana & Jyoti Nooran (for the song "Patakha Guddi" Best Lyricist Irshad Kamil (for the song "Patakha Guddi" Best Music (with track name) A. Rahman (for the song "Patakha Guddi" Best Screenplay Best Story Best Dialogue Screen Awards 15 January 2015 Best Playback Singer Female [71] 72] Best Actor (Male) Best Actor (Female) Best Music Best Background Score Best Editing Aarti Bajaj Filmfare Awards 31 January 2015 Best Actress (Critic's choice) 73] Best Playback Singer – Female Jyoti Nooran, Sultana Nooran (for the song "Patakha Guddi" Best Cinematography Anil Mehta Global Indian Music Academy (GiMA) Awards 25 February 2015 Best Film Album [74] 75] Best Music Arranger & Programmer A. Rahman (for the song "Maahi Ve" Background Score Composer Best Music Debut Best Playback Singer - Female Mirchi Music Awards 26 February 2015 Female Vocalist of The Year Nooran Sisters (for the song "Patakha Guddi" 76] 77] Upcoming Female Vocalist of The Year PTC Punjabi Music Awards 21 April 2015 Best Punjabi Song Based in a Hindi Film References [ edit] "Tiger Shroff's debut film 'Heropanti' to release next year. Retrieved 15 October 2013... HIGHWAY (12A. IG Interactive Entertainment Limited. British Board of Film Classification. 13 February 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014. ^ a b [1] Box Office India ^ Rajesh Kumar Singh (18 January 2014. Imtiaz Ali's HIGHWAY completes Berlinale Panorama feature line up. Bollywood Trade. Retrieved 18 January 2014. ^ Imtiaz Ali's Highway to release on February 21, 2014. Indicine. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2013. ^ Is 'Highway' India's first film on the 'Stockholm Syndrome. CNN-IBN. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2014... Highway' not the first film with kidnapping as the plot. Chaya Unnikrishnan. DNA. 21 February 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2014... Highway' Is Not Bollywood's First Tryst With Stockholm Syndrome. Mohar Basu. Koimoi. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2014. ^ Highway robbery. or happenstance. The Hindu. 28 February 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2014. ^ a b Nyay Bhushan (13 February 2014. Indian Director Imtiaz Ali: I'm Supposed to Be a Vulgar Sellout' Berlin Q&A. The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 13 February 2014. ^ a b c Pritam D. Gupta (14 March 2013. Imtiaz's journey, inside-out. The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 April 2013. ^ a b Pritam D. Gupta (3 April 2013. Who's That Girl. Retrieved 20 April 2013... Highway' Changed Forms Many Times, Says Imtiaz Ali. Indiawest. Retrieved 7 December 2013. ^ a b c "Berlin Diary: Movies are like infections' says Imtiaz Ali on Highway. Firstpost. Retrieved 17 February 2014. ^ Why Randeep Hooda didn't speak to Alia Bhatt for 25 days during Highway shoot. The Indian Express. Retrieved 21 February 2014. ^ Imtiaz Ali: Highway is a coming-of-age film. Digital Spy. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013. ^ After Rockstar Imtiaz Ali, A R Rahman reunite for Highway. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. ^ Imtiaz Ali turns producer with Highway. Hindustan Times. 25 March 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. ^ Imtiaz Ali teams up with A. R Rahman again for `Highway. Zee News. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. ^ Highway (2013) Film First Look - Alia Bhatt & Randeep Hooda. Yetket. Retrieved 20 April 2013. ^ Shooting Locations for Highway. Filmapia. ^ Peerzada Ashiq (20 April 2013. Bollywood calling: Imtiaz Ali takes the 'Highway' to Valley. Srinigar. Retrieved 20 April 2013. ^ On the road: When Highway girl Alia met the nomadic Bakarwals of Kashmir Valley. India Today. 19 May 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2013. ^ For Bollywood's Kashmir romance, Deepti Naval to float studio on Dal lake. ^ I wanted 'Highway' to be my first film: Imtiaz Ali. The Times of India. 8 May 2013. Retrieved 13 May 2013. ^ Imtiaz Ali's Highway shoot wraps up. New Delhi. Retrieved 17 January 2014. ^ Anirban Das (21 January 2014. I will quit if I'm unable to meet people's expectations: AR Rahman. Mumbai. Retrieved 21 January 2014. ^ Highway (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack. iTunes Store. Retrieved 24 January 2014. ^ Highway the movie - the road, the places, the HIGHWAY. 1469workshop. Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 6 January 2014. ^ Who caught Alia Bhatt's eye on DID4. Retrieved 6 February 2014. ^ Sunny Malik. "Alia Bhatt and Imtiaz Ali bring Highway to London. Bollyspice. Retrieved 6 February 2014. ^ Aparna Mudi. "Imtiaz Ali, Alia Bhatt launch 'Highway' in Bangalore. Retrieved 19 February 2014. ^ Melanie Demello (18 February 2014. Comedy Nights With Kapil Goes On A Highway. Business of Cinema. Retrieved 19 February 2014. ^ Ranbir Kapoor's special gesture for 'Highway. DNA India. Retrieved 19 February 2014... Heropanti' release shifted to make way for 'Highway. Retrieved 15 October 2013. ^ A R Rahman to compose music for Ranbir Kapoor, Deepika Padukone's 'Window Seat. The Indian Express, Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 30 October 2013. ^ Highway Reviews. Metacritic. Retrieved 17 August 2016. ^ Highway. Retrieved 20 February 2014. ^ Film review: Highway. Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 20 February 2014. ^ Highway Review: Don't miss it. Sify. OneIndia. Retrieved 20 February 2014. ^ Highway movie review. NDTV. Retrieved 20 February 2014. "Highway. Bollywood Hungama. Retrieved 22 February 2014. ^ Movie review: Alia Bhatt, Randeep Hooda's Highway is bumpy yet deeply enjoyable. Retrieved 20 February 2014. ^ Review: Highway is extremely disappointing. Rediff. Retrieved 20 February 2014... Highway' Movie Review. FireMud FM. Retrieved 18 January 2015. ^ Highway Review. Retrieved 20 February 2014. ^ Movie Review Highway: Alia Bhatt falters in many places. Retrieved 21 February 2014... Highway' review: Imtiaz Ali delivers a clear winner; Alia, Randeep mesmerise. Retrieved 21 February 2014. ^ Highway review: Imtiaz Ali's film will touch you at your core. Retrieved 21 February 2014. ^ Sneha May Francis. "Bollywood movie review: Alia Bhatt, Randeep Hooda step it up for 'Highway. Emirates 24/7. Retrieved 20 February 2014. ^ Highway: Berlin Review. Retrieved 20 February 2014. ^ Viji Alles. TheUKAsianReview: Imtiaz Ali's 'Highway' is a silent triumph. UKAsian. Retrieved 20 February 2014. ^ Rachel Saltz. "Celebrating Bondage Over Bonds of Marriage. The New York Times. Retrieved 20 February 2014. ^ Review: Highway is gritty in parts, unrealistic in others. Gulf News. Retrieved 21 February 2014. ^ Review: Highway. The Village Voice. Retrieved 22 February 2014. ^ Film Review: Highway. Variety. Retrieved 22 February 2014. ^ Danny Bowes. "Film Review: Highway. Retrieved 22 February 2014. ^ Highway Dependent On Word Of Mouth Darr At Mall Dull. Box Office India Trade Network. Box office India. Retrieved 22 February 2014. ^ Highway First Day Collection Report. 22 February 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2014. ^ Highway Darr At The Mall Second Day Business. Box Office India. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2014. ^ Highway Is Steady On Monday. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014. ^ Highway First Week On Lower Side. Retrieved 1 March 2014. ^ Highway Drops On Eighth Day. Retrieved 1 March 2014. ^ Highway At 26 Crore In Two Weeks. Retrieved 8 March 2014. ^ Highway First Weekend Collection At Overseas Box Office. Retrieved 2 March 2014. ^ Winners of Stardust Awards 2014. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. ^ a b "Stardust Awards 2014 Complete Nominations. Pinkvilla. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. ^ Star Guild Awards 2015. 8 January 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2015. ^ Star Guild Award Winners 2015. 12 February 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2015. ^ Screen Awards 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2015. ^ Shahid Kapoor, Priyanka Chopra win big at Screen Awards 2015. 14 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015. ^ Here is the complete list of winners from last night's Filmfare Awards. The Express Tribune. Retrieved 1 February 2015. ^ OVER THE YEARS - GiMA 2015. GiMA. Retrieved 25 February 2015. ^ Amit Trivedi and Queen are major winners at GiMA Awards. Retrieved 25 February 2015. ^ MMA Mirchi Music Awards. MMAMirchiMusicAwards. Retrieved 27 March 2018. External links [ edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Highway. Official website Highway on IMDb Highway at Rotten Tomatoes Highway at Metacritic Highway at Box Office Mojo.

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She 27s missing watch show. TAKATA AIR BAG RECALLS.   Sign up for our Recall Alerts to be notified when you can search for all vehicles affected by this recall. Complete Takata recall coverage More information at >>  Latest News and Information from NHTSA. Cost-free. How can a director get things so bad with such a good cast. It's the proverbial question when people go on quiz shows and clearly do not have an understanding of trivia let alone knowledge. This film shows that the director has basically seen the same film over and over again, nothing new at all and no ability.
Ooooh look, petulant, misunderstood young girls either madly dancing or sitting in a circle with other equally drugged girls angry at everything, nope never seen that before. Drama it is not, dross it is, take note Irish Film Board, parents and husband ability does not equate to all family members being talented.

Hi y'all, I'm back and finally able to say how I feel about this movie. I finished this movie over an hour ago, it was. is) one of the best movies I've ever seen. Some parts in it needed something more. For me, whether Jane forgives me or not, wants to be rescued or not, I would save her, any way I can. To make sure that "family" doesnt go after or bother Jane ever again, I would finish them off in a mixed styles of the endings from apocalypse now and taxi driver. But still, it was a great movie. I give it 8/10.
The ending of the movie, I'm only slightly conflicted when Jane and Heidi are reunited.
I do not care what anyone else says, but I mostly and truly believe w/ all my heart & soul that Jane realizes what she did was wrong and is slowly recovering from it. One step at a time. Later, Jane finds Heidi in the new hotel, to be reunited/together again and beg for forgiveness. then face their problems, their dreams again and their futures, head on together.
as for eiza gonzalez, it was one of the greatest performances she ever did (so far. SHE DESERVES AN OSCAR. For her performance as Jane and another statue for her performance in another movie she did. "Paradise hills" she played as amarna.
even though she did small roles recently, I love all her characters and all the hard work she put into them. But she's not being fully recognized enough for her talents/gifts. And she should be. Because what I've seen in her t.v. show (from dusk till dawn: the series) and in both paradise hills and she's missing, she deserves an Emmy and couple of oscars. Because she deserves them 1,000. br> I give the movie 8/10, but I give eiza Gonzalez 1000/1000.

Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways Highway shields for Interstate 80, Business Loop Interstate 80, and the Eisenhower Interstate System Interstate Highways in the 48 contiguous states. Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico also have Interstate Highways. See version with numbers. System information Length 48, 191 mi [a] 77, 556 km) Formed June 29, 1956 [1] Highway names Interstates Interstate X (I-X) System links Interstate Highway System Main Auxiliary Suffixed Business Future This article is part of a series about Dwight D. Eisenhower Early Life Military Career World War II Supreme Allied Commander in Europe D-Day Operation Overlord Surrender of Germany VE-Day Crusade in Europe President of the United States Presidency First Term Draft movement 1952 Campaign Election 1st Inauguration Korean War Atoms for Peace Cold War New Look Domino theory Second Term 1956 campaign 2nd Inauguration Eisenhower Doctrine Sputnik crisis Missile gap NDEA NASA DARPA Civil Rights Act of 1957 Little Rock Nine U-2 incident Farewell Address Post-Presidency Legacy Presidential library and museum Tributes and memorials v t e The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly known as the Interstate Highway System, is a network of controlled-access highways that forms part of the National Highway System in the United States. Construction of the system was authorized by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956. The system extends throughout the contiguous United States and has routes in Hawaii, Alaska, and Puerto Rico. The U. S. federal government first funded roadways through the Federal Aid Road Act of 1916, and began an effort to construct a national road grid with the passage of the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921. After Dwight D. Eisenhower became president in 1953, his administration developed a proposal for an interstate highway system, eventually resulting in the passage of the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956. Construction of the Interstate Highway System was proclaimed complete in 1992, though some planned routes were canceled and several routes have stretches that do not fully conform with federal standards. The cost of construction of the Interstate Highway System was approximately 114 billion (equivalent to 521 billion in 2018. The original system has been expanded numerous times through the creation of new designations and the extension of existing designations. Though much of their construction was funded by the federal government, Interstate Highways are owned by the state in which they were built. All Interstates must meet federal standards such as having controlled access, using a minimal number of traffic lights, and complying with federal traffic sign specifications. Interstate Highways use a numbering scheme in which primary Interstates are assigned one- or two-digit numbers and shorter routes are assigned three-digit numbers where the last two digits match the parent route. The Interstate Highway System is partially financed through the Highway Trust Fund, which itself is funded by a federal fuel tax. Though federal legislation initially banned the collection of tolls, some Interstate routes are toll roads. As of 2016, about one-quarter of all vehicle miles driven in the country used the Interstate Highway System, 3] which had a total length of 48, 191 miles (77, 556 km. 2] Several future routes are in development. History [ edit] Planning [ edit] The United States government's efforts to construct a national network of highways began on an ad hoc basis with the passage of the Federal Aid Road Act of 1916, which provided for 75 million over a five-year period for matching funds to the states for the construction and improvement of highways. [4] The nation's revenue needs associated with World War I prevented any significant implementation of this policy, which expired in 1921. In December 1918, E. J. Mehren, a civil engineer and the editor of Engineering News-Record, presented his "A Suggested National Highway Policy and Plan" 5] during a gathering of the State Highway Officials and Highway Industries Association at the Congress Hotel in Chicago. [6] In the plan, Mehren proposed a 50, 000-mile (80, 000 km) system, consisting of five east–west routes and 10 north–south routes. The system would include two percent of all roads and would pass through every state at a cost of 25, 000 per mile (16, 000/km) providing commercial as well as military transport benefits. [5] As the landmark 1916 law expired, new legislation was passed—the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921 (Phipps Act. This new road construction initiative once again provided for federal matching funds for road construction and improvement, 75 million allocated annually. [7] Moreover, this new legislation for the first time sought to target these funds to the construction of a national road grid of interconnected "primary highways" setting up cooperation among the various state highway planning boards. [7] The Bureau of Public Roads asked the Army to provide a list of roads that it considered necessary for national defense. [8] In 1922, General John J. Pershing, former head of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe during the war, complied by submitting a detailed network of 20, 000 miles (32, 000 km) of interconnected primary highways—the so-called Pershing Map. [9] A rural stretch of I-5 in California; two lanes in each direction are separated by a large grassy median and cross-traffic is limited to overpasses and underpasses A boom in road construction followed throughout the decade of the 1920s, with such projects as the New York parkway system constructed as part of a new national highway system. As automobile traffic increased, planners saw a need for such an interconnected national system to supplement the existing, largely non-freeway, United States Numbered Highways system. By the late 1930s, planning had expanded to a system of new superhighways. In 1938, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave Thomas MacDonald, chief at the Bureau of Public Roads, a hand-drawn map of the United States marked with eight superhighway corridors for study. [10] In 1939, Bureau of Public Roads Division of Information chief Herbert S. Fairbank wrote a report called Toll Roads and Free Roads, the first formal description of what became the Interstate Highway System" and, in 1944, the similarly themed Interregional Highways. [11] Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 [ edit] The Interstate Highway System gained a champion in President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who was influenced by his experiences as a young Army officer crossing the country in the 1919 Army Convoy on the Lincoln Highway, the first road across America. Eisenhower gained an appreciation of the Reichsautobahn system, the first "national" implementation of modern Germany 's Autobahn network, as a necessary component of a national defense system while he was serving as Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe during World War II. [12] In 1954, Eisenhower appointed General Lucius D. Clay to head a committee charged with proposing an interstate highway system plan. [13] Summing up motivations for the construction of such a system, Clay stated, It was evident we needed better highways. We needed them for safety, to accommodate more automobiles. We needed them for defense purposes, if that should ever be necessary. And we needed them for the economy. Not just as a public works measure, but for future growth. [14] Clay's committee proposed a 10-year, 100 billion program, which would build 40, 000 miles (64, 000 km) of divided highways linking all American cities with a population of greater than 50, 000. Eisenhower initially preferred a system consisting of toll roads, but Clay convinced Eisenhower that toll roads were not feasible outside of the highly populated coastal regions. In February 1955, Eisenhower forwarded Clay's proposal to Congress. The bill quickly won approval in the Senate, but House Democrats objected to the use of public bonds as the means to finance construction. Eisenhower and the House Democrats agreed to instead finance the system through the Highway Trust Fund, which itself would be funded by a gasoline tax. [15] In June 1956, Eisenhower signed the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 into law. Under the act, the federal government would pay for 90 percent of the cost of construction of Interstate Highways. Each Interstate Highway was required to be a controlled-access highway with at least four lanes and no at-grade crossings. [16] The publication in 1955 of the General Location of National System of Interstate Highways, informally known as the Yellow Book, mapped out what became the Interstate Highway System. [17] Assisting in the planning was Charles Erwin Wilson, who was still head of General Motors when President Eisenhower selected him as Secretary of Defense in January 1953. Construction [ edit] 1955 map: The planned status of U. S Highways in 1965, as a result of the developing Interstate Highway System I‑55 under construction in Mississippi, photo from May 1972 Some sections of highways that became part of the Interstate Highway System actually began construction earlier. Three states have claimed the title of first Interstate Highway. Missouri claims that the first three contracts under the new program were signed in Missouri on August 2, 1956. The first contract signed was for upgrading a section of US Route 66 to what is now designated Interstate 44. [18] On August 13, 1956, work began on US 40 (now I-70) in St. Charles County. [19] 18] Kansas claims that it was the first to start paving after the act was signed. Preliminary construction had taken place before the act was signed, and paving started September 26, 1956. The state marked its portion of I-70 as the first project in the United States completed under the provisions of the new Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956. [18] The Pennsylvania Turnpike could also be considered one of the first Interstate Highways, and is nicknamed "Grandfather of the Interstate System. 19] On October 1, 1940, 162 miles (261 km) of the highway now designated I‑70 and I‑76 opened between Irwin and Carlisle. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania refers to the turnpike as the Granddaddy of the Pikes. [18] Milestones in the construction of the Interstate Highway System include: October 17, 1974: Nebraska becomes the first state to complete all of its mainline Interstate Highways with the dedication of its final piece of I-80. [20] October 12, 1979: The final section of the Canada to Mexico freeway Interstate 5 is dedicated near Stockton, California. Representatives of the two neighboring nations attended the dedication to commemorate the first contiguous freeway connecting the North American countries. [21] August 22, 1986: The final section of the coast-to-coast I-80 ( San Francisco, California, to Teaneck, New Jersey) is dedicated on the western edge of Salt Lake City, Utah, making I-80 the world's first contiguous freeway to span from the Atlantic to Pacific Ocean and, at the time, the longest contiguous freeway in the world. The section spanned from Redwood Road to just west of the Salt Lake City International Airport. At the dedication it was noted that coincidentally this was only 50 miles (80 km) from Promontory Summit, where a similar feat was accomplished 120 years prior, the laying of the golden spike of the United States' First Transcontinental Railroad. [22] 23] 24] August 10, 1990: The final section of coast-to-coast I-10 ( Santa Monica, California, to Jacksonville, Florida) is dedicated, the Papago Freeway Tunnel under downtown Phoenix, Arizona. Completion of this section was delayed due to a freeway revolt that forced the cancellation of an originally planned elevated routing. [25] September 12, 1991: I-90 becomes the final coast-to-coast Interstate Highway ( Seattle, Washington to Boston, Massachusetts) to be completed with the dedication of an elevated viaduct bypassing Wallace, Idaho. This section was delayed after residents forced the cancellation of the originally planned at-grade alignment that would have demolished much of downtown Wallace. The residents accomplished this feat by arranging for most of the downtown area to be declared a historic district and listed on the National Register of Historic Places; this succeeded in blocking the path of the original alignment. After the dedication residents held a mock funeral celebrating the removal of the last stoplight on a transcontinental Interstate Highway. [25] 26] October 14, 1992: The original Interstate Highway System is proclaimed to be complete with the opening of I-70 through Glenwood Canyon in Colorado. This section is considered an engineering marvel with a 12-mile (19 km) span featuring 40 bridges and numerous tunnels and is one of the most expensive rural highways per mile built in the United States. [27] 28] Although this was claimed the final section of Interstate Highway to open, at the time this section was dedicated there were still missing interchanges elsewhere in the system, making some Interstate Highways not contiguous. The initial cost estimate for the system was 25 billion over 12 years; it ended up costing 114 billion (equivalent to 425 billion in 2006 [29] or 521 billion in 2018 [30] and took 35 years. [31] 1992–present [ edit] Discontinuities [ edit] Commemorative sign introduced in 1993. The system was established during Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency, and the five stars commemorate his rank as General of the Army during World War II. The system was proclaimed complete in 1992, but two of the original Interstates— I-95 and I-70 —were not continuous: both of these discontinuities were due to local opposition, which blocked efforts to build the necessary connections to fully complete the system. I-95 was made a continuous freeway in 2018, 32] and thus I-70 remains the only original Interstate with a discontinuity. I-95 was discontinuous in New Jersey because of the cancellation of the Somerset Freeway. This situation was remedied when the construction of the Pennsylvania Turnpike/Interstate 95 Interchange Project started in 2010 [33] and partially opened on September 22, 2018, which was already enough to fill the gap. [32] However, I-70 remains discontinuous in Pennsylvania, because of the lack of a direct interchange with the Pennsylvania Turnpike at the eastern end of the concurrency near Breezewood. Traveling in either direction, I-70 traffic must exit the freeway and use a short stretch of US-30 (which includes a number of roadside services) to rejoin I-70. The interchange was not originally built because of a legacy federal funding rule, since relaxed, which restricted the use of federal funds to improve roads financed with tolls. [34] Solutions have been proposed to eliminate the discontinuity, but they have been blocked by local opposition, fearing a loss of business. [35] Expansion [ edit] The Interstate Highway System has been expanded numerous times. The expansions have both created new designations and extended existing designations. For example, I-49, added to the system in the 1980s as a freeway in Louisiana, was designated as an expansion corridor, and FHWA approved the expanded route north from Lafayette, to Kansas City, Missouri. The freeway exists today as separate completed segments, with segments under construction or in the planning phase between them. [36] In 1966, the FHWA designated the entire Interstate Highway System as part of the larger Pan-American Highway System, 37] and at least two proposed Interstate expansions were initiated to help trade with Canada and Mexico spurred by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA. Long-term plans for I-69, which currently exists in several separate completed segments (the largest of which are in Indiana and Texas) is to have the highway route extend from Tamaulipas, Mexico to Ontario, Canada. The planned I-11 will then bridge the Interstate gap between Phoenix, Arizona and Las Vegas, Nevada, and thus form part of the CANAMEX Corridor (along with I-19, and portions of I-10 and I-15) between Sonora, Mexico and Alberta, Canada. Urban Interstates abandoned because of local opposition [ edit] Political opposition from residents canceled many freeway projects around the United States, including: I-40 in Memphis, Tennessee was rerouted and part of the original I-40 is still in use as the eastern half of Sam Cooper Boulevard. [38] I-66 in the District of Columbia was abandoned in 1977. I-69 was to continue past its terminus at Interstate 465 to intersect with Interstate 70 and Interstate 65 at the north split, northeast of downtown Indianapolis. Though local opposition led to the cancellation of this project in 1981, bridges and ramps for the connection into the "north split" remain visible. I-70 in Baltimore was supposed to run from the Baltimore Beltway ( Interstate 695) which surrounds the city to terminate at I-95, the East Coast thoroughfare that runs through Maryland and Baltimore on a diagonal course, northeast to southwest; the connection was cancelled on the mid-1970s due to its routing through Gwynns Falls-Leakin Park, a wilderness urban park reserve following the Gwynns Falls stream through West Baltimore. This included the cancellation of I-170, partially built and in use as U. Route 40, and nicknamed the Highway to Nowhere. I-78 in New York City was canceled along with portions with I-278, I-478, and I-878. I-878 was supposed to be part of I-78, and I-478 and I-278 were to be spur routes. I-80 in San Francisco was originally planned to travel past the city's Civic Center along the Panhandle Freeway into Golden Gate Park and terminate at the original alignment of I-280 / SR 1. The city canceled this and several other freeways in 1958. Similarly, more than 20 years later, Sacramento canceled plans to upgrade I-80 to Interstate Standards and rerouted the freeway on what was then I-880 that traveled north of Downtown Sacramento. I-83, southern extension of the Jones Falls Expressway (southern I-83) in Baltimore was supposed run along the waterfront of the Patapsco River / Baltimore Harbor to connect to I-95, bisecting historic neighborhoods of Fells Point and Canton, but the connection was never built. I-95 through the District of Columbia into Maryland was abandoned in 1977. Instead it was rerouted to I-495 (Capital Beltway. The completed section is now I-395. I-95 was originally planned to run up the Southwest Expressway and meet I-93, where the two highways would travel along the Central Artery through downtown Boston, but was rerouted onto the Route 128 beltway due to widespread opposition. This revolt also included the cancellation of the Inner Belt, connecting I-93 to I-90 and a cancelled section of the Northwest Expressway which would have carried Route 3 inside the Route 128 beltway, meeting with Route 2 in Cambridge. Standards [ edit] The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) has defined a set of standards that all new Interstates must meet unless a waiver from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is obtained. One almost absolute standard is the controlled access nature of the roads. With few exceptions, traffic lights (and cross traffic in general) are limited to toll booths and ramp meters (metered flow control for lane merging during rush hour. Speed limits [ edit] Being freeways, Interstate Highways usually have the highest speed limits in a given area. Speed limits are determined by individual states. From 1974 to 1986, the maximum speed limit on any highway in the United States was 55 miles per hour (90 km/h) in accordance with federal law. [39] Typically, lower limits are established in Northeastern and coastal states, while higher speed limits are established in inland states west of the Mississippi River. [40] For example, the maximum speed limit is 75 mph (120 km/h) in northern Maine, varies between 50 and 70 mph (80 and 115 km/h) 41] from southern Maine to New Jersey, and is 50 mph (80 km/h) in New York City and the District of Columbia. [40] Currently, rural speed limits elsewhere generally range from 65 to 80 miles per hour (105 to 130 km/h. Several portions of various highways such as I-10 and I-20 in rural western Texas, I-80 in Nevada between Fernley and Winnemucca (except around Lovelock) and portions of I-15, I-70, I-80, and I-84 in Utah have a speed limit of 80 mph (130 km/h. Other Interstates in Idaho, Montana, South Dakota and Wyoming also have the same high speed limits. In some areas, speed limits on Interstates can be significantly lower in areas where they traverse significantly hazardous areas. The maximum speed limit on I-90 is 50 mph (80 km/h) in downtown Cleveland because of two sharp curves with a suggested limit of 35 mph (55 km/h) in a heavily congested area; I-70 through Wheeling, West Virginia, has a maximum speed limit of 45 mph (70 km/h) through the Wheeling Tunnel and most of downtown Wheeling; and I-68 has a maximum speed limit of 40 mph (65 km/h) through Cumberland, Maryland, because of multiple hazards including sharp curves and narrow lanes through the city. In some locations, low speed limits are the result of lawsuits and resident demands; after holding up the completion of I-35E in St. Paul, Minnesota, for nearly 30 years in the courts, residents along the stretch of the freeway from the southern city limit to downtown successfully lobbied for a 45 mph (70 km/h) speed limit in addition to a prohibition on any vehicle weighing more than 9, 000 pounds (4, 100 kg) gross vehicle weight. I-93 in Franconia Notch State Park in northern New Hampshire has a speed limit of 45 mph (70 km/h) because it is a parkway that consists of only one lane per side of the highway. On the other hand, Interstates 15, 80 and 84 in Utah have speed limits as high as 70 mph (115 km/h) within the Salt Lake City, Cedar City, and St. George areas, and I-25 in New Mexico within the Santa Fe and Las Vegas areas along with I-20 in Texas along Odessa and Midland and I-29 in North Dakota along the Grand Forks area have higher speed limits of 75 mph (120 km/h. Other uses [ edit] As one of the components of the National Highway System, Interstate Highways improve the mobility of military troops to and from airports, seaports, rail terminals, and other military bases. Interstate Highways also connect to other roads that are a part of the Strategic Highway Network, a system of roads identified as critical to the U. Department of Defense. [42] The system has also been used to facilitate evacuations in the face of hurricanes and other natural disasters. An option for maximizing traffic throughput on a highway is to reverse the flow of traffic on one side of a divider so that all lanes become outbound lanes. This procedure, known as contraflow lane reversal, has been employed several times for hurricane evacuations. After public outcry regarding the inefficiency of evacuating from southern Louisiana prior to Hurricane Georges ' landfall in September 1998, government officials looked towards contraflow to improve evacuation times. In Savannah, Georgia, and Charleston, South Carolina, in 1999, lanes of I-16 and I-26 were used in a contraflow configuration in anticipation of Hurricane Floyd with mixed results. [43] In 2004 contraflow was employed ahead of Hurricane Charley in the Tampa, Florida area and on the Gulf Coast before the landfall of Hurricane Ivan; 44] however, evacuation times there were no better than previous evacuation operations. Engineers began to apply lessons learned from the analysis of prior contraflow operations, including limiting exits, removing troopers (to keep traffic flowing instead of having drivers stop for directions) and improving the dissemination of public information. As a result, the 2005 evacuation of New Orleans, Louisiana, prior to Hurricane Katrina ran much more smoothly. [45] According to urban legend, early regulations required that one out of every five miles of the Interstate Highway System must be built straight and flat, so as to be usable by aircraft during times of war. There is no evidence of this rule being included in any Interstate legislation. [46] 47] Numbering system [ edit] Primary (one- and two-digit) Interstates [ edit] Odd numbers run north–south with numbers increasing from west to east, while even numbers run east–west with numbers increasing from south to north. The numbering scheme for the Interstate Highway System was developed in 1957 by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO. The association's present numbering policy dates back to August 10, 1973. [48] Within the contiguous United States, primary Interstates—also called main line Interstates or two-digit Interstates—are assigned numbers less than 100. [48] While numerous exceptions do exist, there is a general scheme for numbering Interstates. Primary Interstates are assigned one- or two-digit numbers, while shorter routes (such as spurs, loops, and short connecting roads) are assigned three-digit numbers where the last two digits match the parent route (thus, I-294 is a loop that connects at both ends to I-94, while I-787 is a short spur route attached to I-87. In the numbering scheme for the primary routes, east–west highways are assigned even numbers and north–south highways are assigned odd numbers. Odd route numbers increase from west to east, and even-numbered routes increase from south to north (to avoid confusion with the U. Highways, which increase from east to west and north to south. 49] This numbering system usually holds true even if the local direction of the route does not match the compass directions. Numbers divisible by five are intended to be major arteries among the primary routes, carrying traffic long distances. [50] 51] Primary north–south Interstates increase in number from I-5 between Canada and Mexico along the West Coast to I‑95 between Canada and Miami, Florida along the East Coast. Major west–east arterial Interstates increase in number from I-10 between Santa Monica, California, and Jacksonville, Florida, to I-90 between Seattle, Washington, and Boston, Massachusetts, with two exceptions. There are no I-50 and I-60, as routes with those numbers would likely pass through states that currently have U. Highways with the same numbers, which is generally disallowed under highway administration guidelines. [48] 52] Several two-digit numbers are shared between road segments at opposite ends of the country for various reasons. Some such highways are incomplete Interstates (such as I-69 and I-74) and some just happen to share route designations (such as I-76, I-84, I‑86, I-87, and I-88. Some of these were due to a change in the numbering system as a result of a new policy adopted in 1973. Previously, letter-suffixed numbers were used for long spurs off primary routes; for example, western I‑84 was I‑80N, as it went north from I‑80. The new policy stated, No new divided numbers (such as I-35W and I-35E, etc. shall be adopted. The new policy also recommended that existing divided numbers be eliminated as quickly as possible; however, an I-35W and I-35E still exist in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex in Texas, and an I-35W and I-35E that run through Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota, still exist. [48] Additionally, due to Congressional requirements, three sections of I-69 in southern Texas will be divided into I-69W, I-69E, and I-69C (for Central. 53] AASHTO policy allows dual numbering to provide continuity between major control points. [48] This is referred to as a concurrency or overlap. For example, I‑75 and I‑85 share the same roadway in Atlanta; this 7. 4-mile (11. 9 km) section, called the Downtown Connector, is labeled both I‑75 and I‑85. Concurrencies between Interstate and U. Route numbers are also allowed in accordance with AASHTO policy, as long as the length of the concurrency is reasonable. [48] In rare instances, two highway designations sharing the same roadway are signed as traveling in opposite directions; one such wrong-way concurrency is found between Wytheville and Fort Chiswell, Virginia, where I‑81 north and I‑77 south are equivalent (with that section of road traveling almost due east) as are I‑81 south and I‑77 north. Auxiliary (three-digit) Interstates [ edit] Examples of the auxiliary Interstate Highway numbering system. An odd hundreds digit means the route connects at only one end to the rest of the interstate system, known as a "spur route. An even hundreds digit means the route connects at both ends, which could be a loop route (which has two termini) or a radial route (known also as a beltway, beltline, or circumferential route. Auxiliary Interstate Highways are circumferential, radial, or spur highways that principally serve urban areas. These types of Interstate Highways are given three-digit route numbers, which consist of a single digit prefixed to the two-digit number of its parent Interstate Highway. Spur routes deviate from their parent and do not return; these are given an odd first digit. Circumferential and radial loop routes return to the parent, and are given an even first digit. Unlike primary Interstates, three-digit Interstates are signed as either east–west or north–south, depending on the general orientation of the route, without regard to the route number. For instance, I-190 in Massachusetts is labeled north–south, while I-195 in New Jersey is labeled east–west. Some looped Interstate routes use inner–outer directions instead of compass directions, when the use of compass directions would create ambiguity. Due to the large number of these routes, auxiliary route numbers may be repeated in different states along the mainline. [54] Some auxiliary highways do not follow these guidelines, however. Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico [ edit] Map of routes in Puerto Rico that receive funding from the Interstate program, but are not signed as Interstate Highways Map of routes in Alaska that receive funding from the Interstate program, but are not signed as Interstate Highways The Interstate Highway System also extends to Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico, even though they have no direct land connections to any other states or territories. However, their residents still pay federal fuel and tire taxes. The Interstates in Hawaii, all located on the most populous island of Oahu, carry the prefix H. There are three one-digit routes in the state ( H-1, H-2, and H-3) and one auxiliary route ( H-201. These Interstates connect several military and naval bases together, as well as the important cities and towns spread across Oahu, and especially the metropolis of Honolulu. Both Alaska and Puerto Rico also have public highways that receive 90 percent of their funding from the Interstate Highway program. The Interstates of Alaska and Puerto Rico are numbered sequentially in order of funding without regard to the rules on odd and even numbers. They also carry the prefixes A and PR, respectively. However, these highways are signed according to their local designations, not their Interstate Highway numbers. Furthermore, these routes were neither planned according to nor constructed to the official Interstate Highway standards. [55] Mile markers and exit numbers [ edit] On one- or two-digit Interstates, the mile marker numbering almost always begins at the southern or western state line. If an Interstate originates within a state, the numbering begins from the location where the road begins in the south or west. As with all guidelines for Interstate routes, however, numerous exceptions exist. Three-digit Interstates with an even first number that form a complete circumferential (circle) bypass around a city feature mile markers that are numbered in a clockwise direction, beginning just west of an Interstate that bisects the circumferential route near a south polar location. In other words, mile marker 1 on I-465, a 53-mile (85 km) route around Indianapolis, is just west of its junction with I-65 on the south side of Indianapolis (on the south leg of I-465) and mile marker 53 is just east of this same junction. An exception is I-495 in the Washington metropolitan area, with mileposts increasing counterclockwise because part of that road is also part of I-95. The exit numbers of interchanges are either sequential or distance-based so that the exit number is the same as the nearest mile marker. Under the latter system, a single mile with multiple exits may be assigned letter suffixes, for example on I‑890 in New York. [56] Business routes [ edit] Markers for Business Loop Interstate 80 (left) and Business Spur Interstate 80 (right) AASHTO defines a category of special routes separate from primary and auxiliary Interstate designations. These routes do not have to comply to Interstate construction or limited-access standards but are routes that may be identified and approved by the association. The same route marking policy applies to both US Numbered Highways and Interstate Highways; however, business route designations are sometimes used for Interstate Highways. [57] Known as Business Loops and Business Spurs, these routes principally travel through the corporate limits of a city, passing through the central business district when the regular route is directed around the city. They also use a green shield instead of the red and blue shield. [57] Financing [ edit] Interstate Highways and their rights-of-way are owned by the state in which they were built. The last federally owned portion of the Interstate System was the Woodrow Wilson Bridge on the Washington Capital Beltway. The new bridge was completed in 2009 and is collectively owned by Virginia and Maryland. [58] Maintenance is generally the responsibility of the state department of transportation. However, there are some segments of Interstate owned and maintained by local authorities. About 70 percent of the construction and maintenance costs of Interstate Highways in the United States have been paid through user fees, primarily the fuel taxes collected by the federal, state, and local governments. To a much lesser extent they have been paid for by tolls collected on toll highways and bridges. The federal gasoline tax was first imposed in 1932 at one cent per gallon; during the Eisenhower administration, the Highway Trust Fund, established by the Highway Revenue Act in 1956, prescribed a three-cent-per-gallon fuel tax, soon increased to 4. 5 cents per gallon. Since 1993 the tax has remained at 18. 4 cents per gallon. [59] Other excise taxes related to highway travel also accumulated in the Highway Trust Fund. [59] Initially, that fund was sufficient for the federal portion of building the Interstate system, built in the early years with “10 cent dollars”, from the perspective of the states, as the federal government paid 90% of the costs while the state paid 10. The system grew more rapidly than the rate of the taxes on fuel and other aspects of driving (e. g., excise tax on tires. The rest of the costs of these highways are borne by general fund receipts, bond issues, designated property taxes, and other taxes. The federal contribution comes overwhelmingly from motor vehicle and fuel taxes (93. 5 percent in 2007) as does about 60 percent of the state contribution. However, any local government contributions are overwhelmingly from sources besides user fees. [60] As decades passed in the 20th century and into the 21st century, the portion of the user fees spent on highways themselves covers about 57 percent of their costs, with about one-sixth of the user fees being sent to other programs, including the mass transit systems in large cities. Some large sections of Interstate Highways that were planned or constructed before 1956 are still operated as toll roads. Others have had their construction bonds paid off and they have become toll-free, such as in Connecticut (I‑95) Maryland (I‑95) Virginia (I‑95) and Kentucky (I‑65. A view of I-75 in Atlanta, Georgia, featuring HOV lanes running alongside the median As American suburbs have expanded, the costs incurred in maintaining freeway infrastructure have also grown, leaving little in the way of funds for new Interstate construction. [61] This has led to the proliferation of toll roads (turnpikes) as the new method of building limited-access highways in suburban areas. Some Interstates are privately maintained (for example, the VMS company maintains I‑35 in Texas) 62] to meet rising costs of maintenance and allow state departments of transportation to focus on serving the fastest-growing regions in their states. Parts of the Interstate System might have to be tolled in the future to meet maintenance and expansion demands, as has been done with adding toll HOV / HOT lanes in cities such as Atlanta, Dallas, and Los Angeles. Although part of the tolling is an effect of the SAFETEA‑LU act, which has put an emphasis on toll roads as a means to reduce congestion, 63] 64] present federal law does not allow for a state to change a freeway section to a tolled section for all traffic. citation needed] Toll Interstate Highways [ edit] An I-376 trailblazer with the new black-on-yellow "Toll" sign About 2, 900 miles (4, 700 km) of toll roads are included in the Interstate Highway System. [65] While federal legislation initially banned the collection of tolls on Interstates, many of the toll roads on the system were either completed or under construction when the Interstate Highway System was established. Since these highways provided logical connections to other parts of the system, they were designated as Interstate highways. Congress also decided that it was too costly to either build toll-free Interstates parallel to these toll roads, or directly repay all the bondholders who financed these facilities and remove the tolls. Thus, these toll roads were grandfathered into the Interstate Highway System. [66] Toll roads designated as Interstates (such as the Massachusetts Turnpike) were typically allowed to continue collecting tolls, but are generally ineligible to receive federal funds for maintenance and improvements. Some toll roads that did receive federal funds to finance emergency repairs (notably the Connecticut Turnpike (I-95) following the Mianus River Bridge collapse) were required to remove tolls as soon as the highway's construction bonds were paid off. In addition, these toll facilities were grandfathered from Interstate Highway standards. A notable example is the western approach to the Benjamin Franklin Bridge in Philadelphia, where I-676 has a surface street section through a historic area. Policies on toll facilities and Interstate Highways have since changed. The Federal Highway Administration has allowed some states to collect tolls on existing Interstate Highways, while a recent extension of I-376 included a section of Pennsylvania Route 60 that was tolled by the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission before receiving Interstate designation. Also, newer toll facilities (like the tolled section of I-376, which was built in the early 1990s) must conform to Interstate standards. A new addition of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices in 2009 requires a black-on-yellow "Toll" sign to be placed above the Interstate trailblazer on Interstate Highways that collect tolls. [67] Legislation passed in 2005 known as SAFETEA-LU, encouraged states to construct new Interstate Highways through "innovative financing" methods. SAFETEA-LU facilitated states to pursue innovative financing by easing the restrictions on building interstates as toll roads, either through state agencies or through public–private partnerships. However, SAFETEA-LU left in place a prohibition of installing tolls on existing toll-free Interstates, and states wishing to toll such routes to finance upgrades and repairs must first seek approval from Congress. Chargeable and non-chargeable Interstate routes [ edit] Interstate Highways financed with federal funds are known as "chargeable" Interstate routes, and are considered part of the 42, 000-mile (68, 000 km) network of highways. Federal laws also allow "non-chargeable" Interstate routes, highways funded similarly to state and U. Highways to be signed as Interstates, if they both meet the Interstate Highway standards and are logical additions or connections to the system. [68] 69] These additions fall under two categories: routes that already meet Interstate standards, and routes not yet upgraded to Interstate standards. Only routes that meet Interstate standards may be signed as Interstates once their proposed number is approved. [55] Signage [ edit] Interstate shield [ edit] Several Interstate shield design proposals submitted by the Texas Highway Department Interstate Highways are signed by a number placed on a red, white, and blue sign. The shield design itself is a registered trademark of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. [70] The colors red, white, and blue were chosen because they are the colors of the American flag. In the original design, the name of the state was displayed above the highway number, but in many states, this area is now left blank, allowing for the printing of larger and more-legible digits. The sign usually measures 36 inches (91 cm) high, and is 36 inches (91 cm) wide for two-digit Interstates or 45 inches (110 cm) for three-digit Interstates. [71] Interstate business loops and spurs use a special shield in which the red and blue are replaced with green, the word "BUSINESS" appears instead of "INTERSTATE" and the word "SPUR" or "LOOP" usually appears above the number. [71] The green shield is employed to mark the main route through a city's central business district, which intersects the associated Interstate at one (spur) or both (loop) ends of the business route. The route usually traverses the main thoroughfare(s) of the city's downtown area or other major business district. [72] A city may have more than one Interstate-derived business route, depending on the number of Interstates passing through a city and the number of significant business districts therein. [73] Over time, the design of the Interstate shield has changed. In 1957 the Interstate shield designed by Texas Highway Department employee Richard Oliver was introduced, the winner of a contest that included 100 entries; 74] 75] at the time, the shield color was a dark navy blue and only 17 inches (43 cm) wide. [76] The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) standards revised the shield in the 1961, 77] 1971, 78] and 1978 [79] editions. Exit numbering [ edit] The majority of Interstates have exit numbers. All traffic signs and lane markings on the Interstates are supposed to be designed in compliance with the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD. There are, however, many local and regional variations in signage. For many years, California was the only state that did not use an exit numbering system. It was granted an exemption in the 1950s due to having an already largely completed and signed highway system; placing exit number signage across the state was deemed too expensive. To control costs, California began to incorporate exit numbers on its freeways in 2002—Interstate, U. S., and state routes alike. Caltrans commonly installs exit number signage only when a freeway or interchange is built, reconstructed, retrofitted, or repaired, and it is usually tacked onto the top-right corner of an already existing sign. Newer signs along the freeways follow this practice as well. Most exits along California's Interstates now have exit number signage, particularly in rural areas. California, however, still does not use mileposts, although a few exist for experiments or for special purposes. [80] Exit numbers correspond to Interstate mileage markers in most states. On I‑19 in Arizona, however, length is measured in kilometers instead of miles because, at the time of construction, a push for the United States to change to a metric system of measurement had gained enough traction that it was mistakenly assumed that all highway measurements would eventually be changed to metric; 81] proximity to metric-using Mexico may also have been a factor, as I‑19 indirectly connects I‑10 to the Mexican Federal Highway system via surface streets in Nogales. Mileage count increases from west to east on most even-numbered Interstates; on odd-numbered Interstates mileage count increases from south to north. Some highways, including the New York State Thruway, use sequential exit-numbering schemes. Exits on the New York State Thruway count up from Yonkers traveling north, and then west from Albany. In 2010–2011, the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority posted all new mile markers to be uniform with the rest of the state on I‑90 (Jane Addams Memorial/Northwest Tollway) and the I‑94 section of the Tri‑State Tollway, which previously had matched the I‑294 section starting in the south at I‑80/I‑94/IL Route 394. The tollway also added exit number tabs to the exits. citation needed] Many northeastern states label exit numbers sequentially, regardless of how many miles have passed between exits. States in which Interstate exits are still numbered sequentially are Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont; as such, five of the main Interstate Highways that remain completely within these states ( 87, 88, 89, 91, and 93) have interchanges numbered sequentially along their entire routes. Maine, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Georgia, and Florida followed this system for a number of years, but since converted to mileage-based exit numbers. Georgia renumbered in 2000, while Maine did so in 2004. The Pennsylvania Turnpike uses both mile marker numbers and sequential numbers. Mile marker numbers are used for signage, while sequential numbers are used for numbering interchanges internally. The New Jersey Turnpike, including the portions that are signed as I‑95 and I‑78, also has sequential numbering, but other Interstates within New Jersey use mile markers. I‑87 in New York State is numbered in three sections. The first section makes up the Major Deegan Expressway in the Bronx, with interchanges numbered sequentially from 1 to 14. The second section of I‑87 is a part of the New York State Thruway that starts in Yonkers (exit 1) and continues north to Albany (exit 24) at Albany, the Thruway turns west and becomes I‑90 for exits 25 to 61. From Albany north to the Canadian border, the exits on I‑87 are numbered sequentially from 1 to 44 along the Adirondack Northway. This often leads to confusion as there is more than one exit on I‑87 with the same number. For example, exit 4 on Thruway section of I‑87 connects with the Cross County Parkway in Yonkers, but exit 4 on the Northway is the exit for the Albany airport. These two exits share a number but are located 150 miles (240 km) apart. Sign locations [ edit] There are four common signage methods on Interstates: Locating a sign on the ground to the side of the highway, mostly the right, and is used to denote exits, as well as rest areas, motorist services such as gas and lodging, recreational sites, and freeway names Attaching the sign to an overpass Mounting on full gantries that bridge the entire width of the highway and often show two or more signs Mounting on half-gantries that are located on one side of the highway, like a ground-mounted sign Statistics [ edit] Volume [ edit] Heaviest traveled: 374, 000 vehicles per day: I-405 in Los Angeles, California (2008 estimate [82. Elevation [ edit] Highest: 11, 158 feet (3, 401 m) I-70 in the Eisenhower Tunnel at the Continental Divide in the Colorado Rocky Mountains. [83] Lowest (land) −52 feet (−16 m) I-8 at the New River near Seeley, California. [83] Lowest (underwater) −103 feet (−31 m) I-95 in the Fort McHenry Tunnel under the Baltimore Inner Harbor. [84] Length [ edit] Longest (east–west) 3, 020. 54 miles (4, 861. 09 km) I-90 from Boston, Massachusetts, to Seattle, Washington. [85] 86] Longest (north–south) 1, 908 mi (3, 071 km) I-95 from the Canadian border near Houlton, Maine, to Miami, Florida. [85] 32] Shortest (two-digit) 1. 69 mi (2. 72 km) I-69W in Laredo, Texas. [87] Longest segment between state lines: 881 mi (1, 418 km) I-10 in Texas from the New Mexico state line near El Paso to the Louisiana state line near Orange, Texas. [88] Shortest segment between state lines: 453 ft (138 m) Interstate 95 / I-495 (Capital Beltway) on the Woodrow Wilson Bridge across the Potomac River where they briefly cross the southernmost tip of the District of Columbia between its borders with Maryland and Virginia. [86] Longest concurrency: 278. 4 mi (448. 0 km) I-80 and I-90; Gary, Indiana, to Elyria, Ohio. [89] States [ edit] Most states served by an Interstate: 15 states plus the District of Columbia: I-95 through Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, DC, Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Maine. [85] Most Interstates in a state: 32 routes: New York, totaling 1, 750. 66 mi (2, 817. 41 km) 90] Most Interstate mileage in a state: 3, 233. 45 mi (5, 203. 73 km) Texas, in 17 different routes. [85] Impact and reception [ edit] Following the passage of the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, the railroad system for passengers and freight declined sharply, but the trucking industry expanded dramatically and the cost of shipping and travel fell sharply. Suburbanization became possible, with the rapid growth of easily accessible, larger, cheaper housing than was available in central cities. Tourism dramatically expanded as well, creating a demand for more service stations, motels, restaurants and visitor attractions. There was much more long-distance movement to the Sunbelt for winter vacations, or for permanent relocation, with convenient access to visits to relatives back home. In rural areas, towns and small cities off the grid lost out as shoppers followed the interstate and new factories were located near them. [91] The system had a particularly strong effect in the Southern United States, as most Southern states had not previously been able to afford the construction of major highways. The construction of the Interstate Highway System facilitated the relocation of heavy manufacturing to the South and spurred the development of Southern-based corporations like Walmart and FedEx. [92] The Interstate Highway System has been criticized for contributing to the decline of some cities and for destroying predominantly African-American neighborhoods in urban centers. [93] Other critics have blamed the Interstate Highway System for the decline of public transportation in the United States since the 1950s. [94] See also [ edit] Highway systems by country List of controlled-access highway systems Non-motorized access on freeways Notes [ edit] References [ edit] Weingroff, Richard F. (Summer 1996. Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, Creating the Interstate System. Public Roads. Vol. 60 no. 1. ISSN   0033-3735. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2012. ^ a b Office of Highway Policy Information (September 18, 2017. Table HM-20: Public Road Length, 2016, Miles By Functional System (Report. Federal Highway Administration. Archived from the original on May 12, 2018. Retrieved May 11, 2018. ^ Office of Highway Policy Information (December 2017. Table VM-1: Annual Vehicle Distance Traveled in Miles and Related Data, 2016, by Highway Category and Vehicle Type (Report. Retrieved May 11, 2018. ^ Schwantes, Carlos Arnaldo (2003. Going Places: Transportation Redefines the Twentieth-Century West. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. p. 142. ISBN   9780253342027. ^ a b Mehren, E. (December 19, 1918. A Suggested National Highway Policy and Plan. Engineering News-Record. Vol. 81 no. 25. pp. 1112–1117. ISSN   0891-9526. Retrieved August 17, 2015 – via Google Books. ^ Weingroff, Richard (October 15, 2013. Clearly Vicious as a Matter of Policy' The Fight Against Federal-Aid. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved August 17, 2015. ^ a b Schwantes (2003) p. 152. ^ McNichol, Dan (2006a. The Roads That Built America: The Incredible Story of the U. Interstate System. New York: Sterling. p. 87. ISBN   978-1-4027-3468-7. ^ Schwantes (2003) p. 153. ^ McNichol (2006a) p. 78. ^ Weingroff, Richard F. "The Federal-State Partnership at Work: The Concept Man. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved March 16, 2012. ^ Petroski, Henry (2006. On the Road. American Scientist. Vol. 94 no. 5. pp. 396–369. doi: 10. 1511/2006. 61. 396. ISSN   0003-0996. ^ Smith, Jean Edward (2012. Eisenhower in War and Peace. Random House. p. 652. ISBN   978-1400066933. ^ Smith (2012) pp. 652–653. ^ Smith (2012) pp. 651–654. ^ The Interstate Highway System. History. A&E Television Networks, LLC. Archived from the original on May 10, 2019. Retrieved May 10, 2019. ^ Norton, Peter (1996. Fighting Traffic: U. Transportation Policy and Urban Congestion, 1955–1970. Essays in History. Corcoran Department of History at the University of Virginia. Archived from the original on February 15, 2008. Retrieved January 17, 2008. ^ a b c d Weingroff, Richard F. "Three States Claim First Interstate Highway. Archived from the original on October 11, 2010. Retrieved February 16, 2008. ^ a b Sherrill, Cassandra (September 28, 2019. Facts and history of North Carolina Interstates. Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved September 29, 2019. ^ Nebraska Department of Roads (n. d. I-80 50th Anniversary Page. Nebraska Department of Roads. Archived from the original on December 21, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2009. ^ California Department of Transportation (n. "Timeline of Notable Events of the Interstate Highway System in California. California Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on March 6, 2014. Retrieved March 2, 2014. ^ America Celebrates 30th Anniversary of the Interstate System. U. Highways. Fall 1986. Archived from the original on October 24, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2012. ^ Around the Nation: Transcontinental Road Completed in Utah. The New York Times. August 25, 1986. Archived from the original on March 16, 2017. Retrieved February 9, 2017. ^ Utah Transportation Commission (1983. Official Highway Map (Map. Scale not given. Salt Lake City: Utah Department of Transportation. Salt Lake City inset. ^ a b Weingroff, Richard F. (January 2006. The Year of the Interstate. Vol. 69 no. 4. Archived from the original on January 4, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2012. ^ Idaho Transportation Department (May 31, 2006. Celebrating 50 years of Idaho's Interstates. Idaho Transportation Department. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2012. ^ Colorado Department of Transportation (n. "CDOT Fun Facts. Colorado Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on January 16, 2008. Retrieved February 15, 2008. ^ Stufflebeam Row, Karen; LaDow, Eva & Moler, Steve (March 2004. Glenwood Canyon 12 Years Later. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2008. ^ Neuharth, Al (June 22, 2006. Traveling Interstates is our Sixth Freedom. USA Today. Archived from the original on August 19, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012. ^ Thomas, Ryland; Williamson, Samuel H. (2019. What Was the U. GDP Then. MeasuringWorth. Retrieved April 6, 2019. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series. ^ Minnesota Department of Transportation (2006. Mn/DOT Celebrates Interstate Highway System's 50th Anniversary. Minnesota Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on December 4, 2007. Retrieved January 17, 2008. ^ a b c Sofield, Tom (September 22, 2018. Decades in the Making, I-95, Turnpike Connector Opens to Motorists. Levittown Now. Retrieved September 22, 2018. ^ Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission (n. "Draft: Design Advisory Committee Meeting No. 2" PDF. I-95/I-276 Interchange Project Meeting Design Management Summary. Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2008. ^ Federal Highway Administration (n. "Why Does The Interstate System Include Toll Facilities. Archived from the original on May 18, 2013. Retrieved July 15, 2009. ^ Tuna, Gary (July 27, 1989. Dawida seeks to merge I-70, turnpike at Breezewood. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015. Retrieved November 19, 2015 – via Google News. ^ Missouri Department of Transportation (n. "Converting US Route 71 to I-49. Interstate I-49 Expansion Corridor in Southwest District of Missouri. Missouri Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. ^ New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department (2007. State of New Mexico Memorial Designations and Dedications of Highways, Structures and Buildings (PDF. Santa Fe: New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department. p. 14. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 16, 2011. ^ McNichol (2006a) pp. 159–160. ^ Nixon Approves Limit of 55 M. P. H. The New York Times. January 3, 1974. pp. 1, 24. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2008. ^ a b Carr, John (October 11, 2007. State traffic and speed laws. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Archived from the original on August 7, 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2008. ^ Koenig, Paul (May 27, 2014. Speed Limit on Much of I-295 Rises to 70 MPH. Portland Press Herald. Archived from the original on July 27, 2014. Retrieved July 22, 2014. ^ Slater, Rodney E. (Spring 1996. The National Highway System: A Commitment to America's Future. Vol. 59 no. 4. Archived from the original on December 16, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2008. ^ Wolshon, Brian (August 2001. One-Way-Out" Contraflow Freeway Operation for Hurricane Evacuation" PDF. National Hazards Review. Vol. 2 no. 3. pp. 105–112. 1061/ ASCE)1527-6988(2001)2:3(105. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 6, 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2008. ^ Faquir, Tahira (March 30, 2006. Contraflow Implementation Experiences in the Southern Coastal States" PDF. Florida Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 25, 2007. Retrieved September 27, 2007. ^ McNichol, Dan (December 2006. Contra Productive. Roads & Bridges. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved January 10, 2008. ^ Mikkelson, Barbara (April 1, 2011. Interstate Highways as Airstrips. Snopes. Archived from the original on December 1, 2005. Retrieved March 15, 2017. ^ Weingroff, Richard F. (May–June 2000. One Mile in Five: Debunking the Myth. Vol. 63 no. 6. Archived from the original on December 12, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2010. ^ a b c d e f American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (January 2000. Establishment of a Marking System of the Routes Comprising the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways" PDF. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 1, 2006. Retrieved January 23, 2008. ^ Fausset, Richard (November 13, 2001. Highway Numerology Muddled by Potholes in Logic. Los Angeles Times. p. B2. Archived from the original on April 2, 2009. Retrieved September 8, 2018. ^ McNichol (2006a) p. 172. ^ Weingroff, Richard F. (January 18, 2005. Was I-76 Numbered to Honor Philadelphia for Independence Day, 1776. Ask the Rambler. Archived from the original on July 3, 2013. Retrieved January 17, 2008. ^ Federal Highway Administration (n. "Interstate FAQ. Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2009. Proposed I-41 in Wisconsin and partly completed I-74 in North Carolina respectively are possible and current exceptions not adhering to the guideline. It is not known if the U. Highways with the same numbers will be retained in the states upon completion of the Interstate routes. ^ Essex, Allen (May 2013. State Adds I-69 to Interstate System. The Brownsville Herald. Archived from the original on February 27, 2017. Retrieved July 17, 2013. ^ Federal Highway Administration (March 22, 2007. FHWA Route Log and Finder List. Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved January 23, 2008. ^ a b DeSimone, Tony (March 22, 2007. FHWA Route Log and Finder List: Additional Designations. Archived from the original on August 5, 2014. Retrieved January 4, 2010. ^ Indiana Department of Transportation (n. "Understanding Interstate Route Numbering, Mile Markers & Exit Numbering. Indiana Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on May 15, 2013. Retrieved November 26, 2011. ^ a b American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (January 2000. Establishment and Development of United States Numbered Highways" PDF. Retrieved January 23, 2008. ^ Federal Highway Administration (n. "Interstate FAQ: Who owns it. Retrieved March 4, 2009. ^ a b Weingroff, Richard M. (April 7, 2011. When did the Federal Government begin collecting the gas tax. Retrieved June 29, 2011. ^ Federal Highway Administration (January 3, 2012. Funding For Highways and Disposition of Highway-User Revenues, All Units of Government, 2007. Highway Statistics 2007. Retrieved March 10, 2012. ^ Field, David (July 29, 1996. On 40th birthday, Interstates Face Expensive Midlife Crisis. Insight on the News. pp. 40–42. ISSN   1051-4880. ^ VMS, Inc. (n. "Projects by Type: Interstates. VMS, Inc. Archived from the original on September 22, 2007. Retrieved January 10, 2008. ^ Hart, Ariel (July 19, 2007. 1st Toll Project Proposed for I-20 East: Plan Would Add Lanes Outside I-285" PDF. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. ISSN   1539-7459. Retrieved September 27, 2007. ^ VanMeter, Darryl D. (October 28, 2005. Future of HOV in Atlanta" PDF. American Society of Highway Engineers. Retrieved September 27, 2007. ^ Weiss, Martin H. "How Many Interstate Programs Were There. Highway History. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2012. ^ Weingroff, Richard F. (August 2, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2012. ^ Federal Highway Administration (November 16, 2011. Interim Releases for New and Revised Signs. Standard Highway Signs and Markings. Retrieved March 10, 2012. ^ 23 U. C.   § 103(c) Interstate System. ^ Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1978, Pub. L.   99–599 ^ American Association of State Highway Officials (September 19, 1967. Trademark Registration 0835635. Trademark Electronic Search System. Patent and Trademark Office. Archived from the original on May 2, 2013. Retrieved April 27, 2014. ^ a b Federal Highway Administration (May 10, 2005) 2004. Guide Signs" PDF. Standard Highway Signs (2004 English ed. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration. pp. 3-1 to 3-3. OCLC   69678912. Retrieved February 22, 2012. ^ Federal Highway Administration (December 2009. Chapter 2D. Guide Signs: Conventional Roads" PDF. Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (2009 ed. OCLC   496147812. ^ Michigan Department of Transportation (2011. Pure Michigan: State Transportation Map (Map. c. 1:221, 760. Lansing: Michigan Department of Transportation. Lansing inset. OCLC   42778335, 786008212. ^ Texas Transportation Institute (2005. Ties to Texas" PDF. Texas Transportation Researcher. Vol. 41 no. 4. pp. 20–21. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 20, 2010. ^ American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (2006. Image Gallery. The Interstate is 50. Archived from the original on February 25, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2012. ^ American Association of State Highway Officials (1958. Manual for Signing and Pavement Marking of the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways. Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway Officials. OCLC   3332302. ^ National Joint Committee on Uniform Traffic Control Devices; American Association of State Highway Officials (1961. Part 1: Signs" PDF. Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways (1961 ed. Washington, DC: Bureau of Public Roads. pp. 79–80. OCLC   35841771. Retrieved February 22, 2012. ^ National Joint Committee on Uniform Traffic Control Devices; American Association of State Highway Officials (1971. Chapter  2D. Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways (1971 ed. p. 88. OCLC   221570. Retrieved February 22, 2012. ^ National Advisory Committee on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (1978. Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways (1978 ed. p. 2D-5. OCLC   23043094. Retrieved February 22, 2012. ^ Faigin, Daniel P. (December 29, 2015. Numbering Conventions: Post Miles. California Highways. Archived from the original on January 31, 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2017. self-published source] Zhang, Sarah (October 7, 2014. An Arizona Highway Has Used the Metric System Since the 80s. Gizmodo. Archived from the original on February 25, 2019. Retrieved February 25, 2019. ^ Office of Highway Policy Information (July 27, 2010. Most Travelled Urban Highways Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT. 250, 000 (Report. 2008 Highway Performance Monitoring System (HPMS. Archived from the original on May 16, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012. ^ a b American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (n. "Interstate Highway Fact Sheet" PDF. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 10, 2008. Retrieved February 22, 2012. ^ Hall, Jerry & Hall, Loretta (July 1, 2009. The Adobe Tower: Interesting Items about the Interstate System. Westernite. Western District of the Institute of Transportation Engineers. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved July 23, 2013. ^ a b c d Obenberger, Jon & DeSimone, Tony (April 7, 2011. Interstate System Facts. Route Log and Finder List. Archived from the original on July 13, 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2012. ^ a b Federal Highway Administration (April 6, 2011. Miscellaneous Interstate System Facts. Retrieved February 22, 2012. ^ FHWA Route Log and Finder List. January 31, 2018. Archived from the original on July 11, 2018. Retrieved August 25, 2018. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n. "Interstate Highway No. 10. Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 31, 2010. ^ DeSimone, Tony (October 31, 2002. Table 1: Main Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways as of October 31, 2002. Archived from the original on April 22, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2009. ^ Table 3: Interstate Routes in Each of the 50 States, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Retrieved August 25, 2018. ^ Blas, Elisheva (November 2010. The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways: The Road to Success. PDF. The History Teacher. Vol. 44 no. 1. Long Beach, California: Society for History Education. pp. 127–142. ISSN   0018-2745. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 2, 2017. Retrieved April 27, 2017. ^ Fox, Justin (January 26, 2004. The Great Paving: How the Interstate Highway System Helped Create the Modern Economy—and Reshaped the Fortune 500. Fortune. Archived from the original on June 1, 2018. Retrieved May 10, 2019. ^ Stromberg, Joseph (May 11, 2016. Highways Gutted American Cities. So Why Did They Build Them. Vox. Archived from the original on April 25, 2019. Retrieved May 10, 2019. ^ Stromberg, Joseph (August 10, 2015. The Real Reason American Public Transportation Is Such a Disaster. Retrieved May 10, 2019. Further reading [ edit] External links [ edit] Geographic data related to Interstate Highway System at OpenStreetMap Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Route Log and Finder List, FHWA Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, FHWA Interstate Highway System, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum "Keep on Trucking. Would you pay more in taxes to fix roads and rail. NOW on PBS.

I had heard there was a traffic jam on the highway, so I took the side roads. the four-lane highway narrows to two lanes once you leave the city Recent Examples on the Web The manager assured Beahm there were no corners cut, that the fast bridge was safe and thoroughly inspected and ready to stand the strain of Alabamas busiest segment of highway. — John Archibald. al, Dear ALDOT: Sorry. 22 Jan. 2020 Amazingly, given its off-road capability, the Tremor was smooth and reasonably quiet at highway speeds on road and in suburban driving. Mark Phelan, Detroit Free Press, Fords 2020 F-series Super Duty Tremor off-road pickup could be a super-sized hit. 21 Jan. 2020 At the helm: The Tellurides MacPherson strut front suspension and hydraulically assisted power steering give it a familiar carlike handle, light and direct, with confident line-tracing at highway speeds, not too busy—more minivan than SUV. Dan Neil, WSJ, 2020 Kia Telluride: A Peaceful Ride Even With a Car Full of Kids. 17 Jan. 2020 Several factors determine how long each ramp must be, including the speed and curve of the highway, the speed of the frontage road and how far ahead the driver can see. Nic Garcia, Dallas News, Why are on-ramps in Dallas so short? Curious Texas goes for a drive. 17 Jan. 2020 Discovering Vertirack was a revelation: the lightweight yet strong aluminum struts attach to the side of the vehicle, while rubber arms and stretchy straps hold boards securely at highway speeds. Drew Zieff, Outside Online, 11 Things to Take Your Van from Dirtbag to Dream Home. 16 Jan. 2020 Police have released previously undisclosed evidence in the unsolved case of the Gilgo Beach murders, nearly a decade after the remains of 11 people were discovered along a stretch of highway on Long Island. NBC News, Police reveal evidence in New York serial killer case nearly decade after 11 bodies found. 16 Jan. 2020 Nearby, a disabled Greyhound bus perched on the side of the highway, its passengers huddled and attempting without much success to keep warm in the narrow strip between the bus and the high desert shrubbery. Debra Utacia Krol, azcentral, Apache activist Wendsler Nosie followed a lifelong path to Resolution copper mine protest. 15 Jan. 2020 Hundreds of thousands of people were left without power from Texas to Ohio, parts of highways were closed in Oklahoma and Arkansas due to flooding and hundreds of flights were canceled at Chicago's international airports. Juan A. Lozano, Anchorage Daily News, Storms sweep southern U. S., Midwest as death toll rises to 11. 12 Jan. 2020 These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'highway. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
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